Saffron is a spice derived from the dried stigmas of the saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), has remained among the world’s most costly substances throughout history. With its bitter taste, hay-like fragrance, and slight metallic notes, saffron has been used as a seasoning, fragrance, dye, and medicine. Saffron is native to Southwest Asia, but was first cultivated in Greece.

This spice or herb is being used in ancient and modern medicines because of having more than 150 volatile compounds and non-volatile compounds. However it contains the three main ingredients:

1.     Crocin (it is the compound that make up Saffron’s colour).

2.     Picrocrocin (this element produces the taste of Saffron).

3.     Safranal (it produces the odour of Saffron).



Saffron contains different types of vitamins, minerals, proteins, amino acids and flavonoids. Moreover, Crocin has shown the support in pharmacological activities such as antiaging, antioxidant, and memory loss. It improves the appetite and treating insomnia. It may help in reducing the period pain in women and decreases the extended gynaecological problems. Furthermore, it was proved that saffron has the ability to kill bacteria, treating melasma and suitable for acne treatment as a result improve the overall skin.

1.     It improves memory, mood and treating

        Depressive symptoms.

2.     It reduces heart disease risk factors.

3.     It improves Sexual Dysfunction

4.     It reduces blood sugar level

5.     It improves eyesight

6.     It reduces appetite and aid weight loss

7.     It is anti-inflammatory

8.     It reduces premenstrual syndrome symptoms.

9.     It protects skin from UV Radiation.